IF: botanical

In his fifty-plus year career as a pioneer in agricultural science, Luther Burbank invented and developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants, including fruits, fruits, flowers, grains, grasses and vegetables. Among his creations are the Shasta daisy, the freestone peach, the fire poppy, the July Elberta peach,the Santa Rosa plum, the Flaming Gold …

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IF: hero

After her parents’ divorce, nine-year-old Alice Childress moved to Harlem to live with her grandmother. Despite her own lack of formal education, Alice’s grandmother encouraged young Alice to pursue her natural love for reading and writing. However, Alice had to drop out of school after her grandmother’s death. While working several low-paying jobs, Alice became …

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IF: game

In 1859, Milton Bradley set up the first color lithography company in Springfield, Massachusetts. He began selling printed copies of a portrait of then-unknown, up-and-coming presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln. Soon, complaints from customers poured in, claiming that Bradley’s production  was not an accurate representation of Lincoln. It seems that the candidate had grown a beard …

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IF: castle

William Castle was Hollywood’s undisputed “King of Gimmicks,” who gave us “Emergo,” “Percepto,” “Illusion-o,” “The Coward’s Corner” and “The Fright Break.” Early in his career, he worked as an associate producer for legendary filmmaker Orson Welles. Castle gained a reputation for his unorthodox promotional techniques and his ability to bring film production in under budget. …

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