IF: botanical

In his fifty-plus year career as a pioneer in agricultural science, Luther Burbank invented and developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants, including fruits, fruits, flowers, grains, grasses and vegetables. Among his creations are the Shasta daisy, the freestone peach, the fire poppy, the July Elberta peach, the Santa Rosa plum, the Flaming …

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IF: hero

After her parents’ divorce, nine-year-old Alice Childress moved to Harlem to live with her grandmother. Despite her own lack of formal education, Alice’s grandmother encouraged young Alice to pursue her natural love for reading and writing. However, Alice had to drop out of school after her grandmother’s death. While working several low-paying jobs, Alice became …

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DCS: abner doubleday

Abner Doubleday was a career officer in the Union Army during the Civil War, achieving the rank of  2-star General. In the early days of the war, Doubleday fired the first shot at the Battle of Fort Sumter. He also played a pivotal role in the Battle of Gettysburg. He was, however, relieved of his …

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IF: game

In 1859, Milton Bradley set up the first color lithography company in Springfield, Massachusetts. He began selling printed copies of a portrait of then-unknown, up-and-coming presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln. Soon, complaints from customers poured in, claiming that Bradley’s production  was not an accurate representation of Lincoln. It seems that the candidate had grown a beard …

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DCS: nancy wilson

In a career that spanned six decades, Nancy Wilson made a name for herself singing jazz, rhythm & blues and pop hits in her own inimitable style. She won three Grammy Awards, her first two coming forty years apart. She was honored by numerous groups and organizations as a “song stylist,” a moniker that she …

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DCS: james karen

In 1947, James Karen made his acting debut on the Broadway stage in Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire. He went on to appear in over 20 more Broadway plays and over 200 films and television shows, plus a stint plugging the Pathmark supermarket chain that spanned several decades. James passed away in October 2018 …

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